Daniel 9: The Messiah Prophecy

Daniel ends chapter 8 by telling us, ".... I was astonished by the vision, but no one understood it." Then in chapter 9 Daniel tells us that he understood the 70 years desolation of Jerusalem, c.608 - 539 BC. Because of this revelation Daniel now understands the future 'transgression of desolation,' in Daniel 8, and therefore he prays for his people in fasting, sackcloth and ashes.
Daniel 9:16-17 "O Lord, according to all Your righteousness, I pray, let Your anger and Your fury be turned away from Your city Jerusalem, Your holy mountain; because of our sins, and for the iniquities of our fathers, Jerusalem and Your people are a reproach to all those around us. Now therefore, our God, hear the prayer of Your servant, and his supplications, and for the Lord's sake cause Your face to shine on Your sanctuary, which is desolate."
Notice that Daniel is praying for God’s city Jerusalem, God’s holy mountain and God’s sanctuary. This is the earthly sanctuary that was desolate when Daniel prayed. So straight away we have a connection between Jerusalem, Mount Moriah and the earthly sanctuary.

When Daniel received these visions Jerusalem was desolate after being destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar c.586 BC. Daniel received the Messiah vision c.539 BC forty or so years after Jerusalem and the temple had been destroyed. According to historians this is the date Cyrus allowed some of the remnant to return to Jerusalem to start rebuilding the house of the Lord. The date varies from c.539 to 536 BC.
“Daniel understood the seventy years of captivity to be near their termination. From his allusion to the sanctuary, it is evident that he so far misunderstood the important vision given him in chapter 8 as to suppose that the 2300 days, at the termination of which the sanctuary was to be cleansed, expired at the same time. This misapprehension was at once corrected when the angel came to give him further instruction in answer to his prayer, the narration of which is next given.”
{Daniel and the Revelation, by Uriah Smith, chapter 9, Seventy Weeks, page 210}
Uriah Smith tells us that Daniel misunderstood the 2300 vision, because he alludes to the temple sanctuary in his prayer. On the contrary Daniel now understands the seventy years desolations of Jerusalem as prophesied by Jeremiah. The importance of this is often overlooked by SDA theologians. This means Daniel must have understood the ‘transgression of desolation’ from chapter 8. Daniel then prays for his people and their iniquities because he realized that the people themselves were going to cause the desolation of God’s holy city, His holy mountain and His sanctuary a second time. This is why initially no one understood the 2300 vision and why Daniel prayed so earnestly for the Israelites, asking that the Lord’s face shine on His sanctuary which was already desolate. So in this and many other cases Smith’s interpretation shows that he has misunderstood the scriptures and the importance of the temple sanctuary in these chapters. Daniel now understands the seventy years desolation of Jerusalem, because of this understanding Gabriel comes to give Daniel the full understanding of the previous 2300 day vision. But before that Daniel continues his prayer confirming that he knew that the previous vision was about the desolation of Jerusalem and the temple because of the transgressions of the Israelites.
Daniel 9:18-19 “O my God, incline Your ear and hear; open Your eyes and see our desolations, and the city which is called by Your name; for we do not present our supplication before You because of our righteous deeds, but because of Your great mercies. O Lord, hear! O Lord, forgive! O Lord, listen and act! Do not delay for Your own sake, my God, for Your city and Your people are called by Your name.”
Daniel again prays that the Lord hears and sees the desolations of His people and he asks for God’s great mercies. This indicates that Daniel knows further desolations are going to happen to his people because he asks God for mercy. Therefore Daniel reminds the Lord that the Israelites are His people and the holy city is called by His name and he asks the Lord to forgive them. As a result of Daniel’s prayer Gabriel comes to make him understand.
Daniel 9:20-23 "Now while I was speaking, praying, and confessing my sin and the sin of my people Israel, and presenting my supplication before the Lord my God for the holy mountain of my God. Yes, while I was speaking in prayer, the man Gabriel, whom I had seen in the vision at the beginning, being caused to fly quickly, reached me about the time of the evening offering. And he informed me, and talked with me, and said, "O Daniel, I have now come forth to give you skill to understand. At the beginning of your supplication the command went out, and I have come to tell you, for you are greatly beloved; therefore consider the matter and understand the vision:""
While Daniel was confessing the iniquities of his people and praying Gabriel was sent to give Daniel the skill to understand the 2300 day vision. Gabriel tells Daniel to consider this next prophecy to understand the 2300 day vision.
Daniel 9:24 "Seventy weeks are determined for your people and for your holy city, To finish transgression, to make and end of sins, to make reconciliation for iniquity, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy, and to anoint the Most Holy.”
Gabriel starts by telling Daniel that his people and his city only have seventy prophetic weeks to finish transgression, to make an end of sins, to reconcile for their iniquities, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy, and to anoint the Most Holy.
Determined to be Right
Miller and others at the time were searching for a start date for the 2300 day vision and saw something in the word “determined” in this verse. They suggested that the word in Hebrew means “cut off” and therefore they came to the conclusion that the seventy weeks were a part of the 2300 day vision and they decided to start the two prophecies on the same starting date. This was a major error, assuming that the 2300 day vision starting date was the same starting date as this vision.
2852 chathak { khaw-thak’} a primitive root; TWOT - 778; v. AV - determined 1; 1
“Are determined. Heb. chathak, a word occurring only here in the Bible. It occurs in post-Biblical Hebrew with the meaning “to cut,” “to cut off,” “to determine,” “to decree.” The LXX has krinoµ, “to decide,” “to judge,” etc. Theodotion’s version has suntemnoµ, “to shorten,” “to abbreviate,” etc., which meaning is reflected in the Vulgate reading abbreviare. The exact shade of meaning here intended must be determined from the context. In view of the fact that ch. 9 is an exposition of the unexplained portion of the vision of ch. 8 (see on ch. 9:3, 21–23), and inasmuch as the unexplained portion had to do with the 2300 days, it is logical to conclude that the 70 weeks, or 490 years, were to be “cut off” from that longer period. Furthermore, in the absence of contrary evidence, it may be assumed that the 70 weeks would be cut off from the beginning of that period. Viewed in the light of these observations, the translation of chathak as “to cut” seems singularly appropriate. In so far as the 490 years were especially assigned to the Jews with respect to their role as God’s chosen people, the translations “determine” and “decree” are also appropriate to the context.”
{Are determined, SDA Bible Commentary, 2005}
The English translation of the Hebrew word chathak has only one meaning and that is the word 'determined.' To link this Old Hebrew word with post Biblical Hebrew is therefore not valid. To conclude that the seventy weeks are then to be 'cut off' from the longer period of 2300 days is also, not logical. To conclude that Gabriel is saying exactly what he means is logical.
"Seventy weeks are determined for your people and for your holy city ….”
Seventy weeks were determined for the future of Daniel's people and their holy city. This is the context of Daniel 8 and Daniel 9. If we substitute the word 'determined' for 'cut off' the text then reads;
“Seventy weeks are cut off for your people and for your holy city …”
To say that the seventy weeks are 'cut off' from the longer period of 2300 days is frankly adding words into the mouth of the prophet and as a result changing the word of God to suit personal theories.
“Why, then, it may be asked, did our translators render the word determined, when it so obviously means cut off? The answer is, They doubtless overlooked the connection between the eighth and ninth chapters, and considering it improper to render it cut off, when nothing was given from which the seventy weeks could be cut off, they gave the word its tropical instead of its literal meaning. But, as we have seen, the construction, the context, and the connection require the literal meaning, and render any other inadmissible.”
{Daniel and the Revelation, by Uriah Smith, chapter 9, Seventy Weeks, page 218}
This is amazing, Smith tells us that the word really means 'cut off,' but because the original translators saw no connection between the 2300 day period and the seventy weeks period they used the 'tropical' meaning instead of the 'literal' meaning. The point Uriah has missed, and many others apparently, is that if Gabriel had of meant that the seventy weeks were to be cut off from the previous vision surely he would have said so instead of leaving the prophet in limbo. After all Gabriel had come to give Daniel the skill to understand the 2300 day vision he didn't come to confuse Daniel with symbolism or obscure meanings.
It all comes down to this; the seventy weeks [490 years] were determined for the future of Daniel’s people. The 2300 day vision [2300 years] had nothing to do with the future of Daniel’s people; it was specifically concerning the cleansing of the Lord’s sanctuary. Therefore the seventy weeks have no part in the 2300 day vision and the two visions are to be dealt with separately. However, the Messiah prophecy actually contains the information to explain the 2300 Day Prophecy in Daniel 8.
Their conclusion that the seventy weeks is 'cut off' from the beginning of the 2300 days has no basis either. A better wording would have been that the seventy weeks are a 'part of' the 2300 days prophecy, then the wording would make sense.
Why 'chathak' is transliterated as Determined and not Cut Off
The main point as to why this Hebrew word has been transliterated as 'determined' is because of this fact. If Gabriel had of meant 'cut off' surely the Hebrew scribes would have used the Hebrew verb karath which is used in verse 26.
Daniel 9:26 “And after the sixty-two weeks Messiah shall be cut off,”
"If the connection between the seventy weeks of Daniel 9 and the 2300 days of Daniel 8 does not exist, the whole system is shaken to its foundation; if it does exist, as we suppose, the system must stand.
{Dr. Hales, Harmony of the Prophetic Chronology, p.33.}
There is a connection between the two, but so far SDA theologians are either blind to it or they ignore it.
“We have seen that the cleansing of the sanctuary consists in the removing of the sins from the same, and is the closing act of the ministration performed therein; that the work of salvation now centers in the heavenly sanctuary; and when the sanctuary is cleansed, the work is done, and the plan is finished. Then the great scheme devised at the fall for the salvation of as many of the lost race as would avail themselves of its provisions, and carried forward for six thousand years, is brought to its final termination. Mercy no longer pleads, and the great voice is heard from the throne in the temple in heaven, saying, "It is done." Rev.16:17. And what then? - All the righteous are safe for everlasting life; all the wicked are doomed to everlasting death. No decision can be changed, no reward can be lost, and no destiny of despair can be averted, beyond that point.”
{Daniel and the Revelation, by Uriah Smith, chapter 9, Seventy Weeks, pages 235-236}
This statement is staggering. Uriah is saying, that the investigative judgment was in 1844 and at that moment all the righteous had been chosen and all the wicked were condemned. I'm afraid that this is just ridiculous and aimed at their being an actual resurrection and coming of Jesus in 1844 as Miller predicted.
“And here we stand - the last, the greatest, and the most solemn crisis in the history of our race immediately impending; the great plan of salvation about finished; the last precious years of probation almost ended; the Lord about to come to save those who are ready and waiting, and to cut asunder the careless and unbelieving; and the world - alas! what shall we say of them!”
{Daniel and the Revelation, by Uriah Smith, chapter 9, Seventy Weeks, pages 237}
Uriah and the Millerites believed the Lord was coming really soon in their day and SDA theology still reflects this. Are all people born after 1844 to be placed alongside the wicked and are they doomed also? Certainly not! The Lord’s investigative judgment wasn't in 1844 the Bible itself tells us that it began the day Adam and Eve were cast out of Eden.
Romans 5:18 “Therefore as by the offence of one judgment came upon all men to condemnation; even so by the righteousness of one the free gift came upon all men unto justification of life.”
Why would the Lord appoint a day, a long time before His coming, to begin this judgment? Are we not taught that the judgment comes at the end when all men have had an opportunity to live their lives and to learn to love our Lord?
John 5:28-29 “Marvel not at this: for the hour is coming, in the which all that are in the graves shall hear his voice, And shall come forth; they that have done good, unto the resurrection of life; and they that have done evil, unto the resurrection of damnation.”
2 Corinthians 5:10 “For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ; that every one may receive the things done in his body, according to that he hath done, whether it be good or bad.”
Hebrews 9:27 “And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment:”
The old theology is wearing very thin to the point that it is see through, but most SDA's think to change the theology now would be seen as dismissing SDA heritage. But wouldn't you rather have the truth than some outdated theology that is based on the assumptions and the egos of a few individuals. As a result of the SDA theology the actual understanding that Gabriel does give to Daniel is often overlooked by them.
Daniel's Understanding
Daniel 9:25 “Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the command to restore and build Jerusalem until Messiah the Prince, there shall be seven weeks and sixty-two weeks; the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublesome times.”
This is Gabriel’s attempt to make Daniel and therefore all of us understand the 2300 day vision. Daniel is told in this verse that the city of Jerusalem would be rebuilt after the command goes out to restore it. SDA theologians tend to overlook this understanding and tend to concentrate only on the Messiah portion of the vision.
Daniel 9:26 “And after the sixty-two weeks Messiah shall be cut off, but not for Himself; and the people of the prince who is to come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary. The end of it shall be with a flood, and till the end of the war desolations are determined."
As a result of these verses Daniel would have now known that the Messiah would come 69 weeks (483 years) after the command goes out to restore Jerusalem. Daniel would also have then realized that Jerusalem would be restored to its former glory and then destroyed again by another civilization which was yet to come. Daniel is told that the people of the prince who was to come, a prince of the Romans, would destroy the city and the sanctuary a second time. This actually happened in recorded history. The people who were to come after Greece were the Romans. Prince Titus marched on Jerusalem and besieged the city in 70 AD. They eventually broke through the wall and murdered the majority of the people involved in the Jewish revolt. They accidently set fire to the temple on mount Moriah and they completely destroyed the city of Jerusalem.
This means that the sanctuary to be cleansed at the end of the 2300 day vision is Mount Moriah the site of the second temple. Jerusalem and the second temple were rebuilt and they were both cast down by the little horn and trampled upon in 70 AD.
It is easy to see Gabriel’s ‘understanding’ when you have the right interpretation.
The Messiah Prophecy
Cyrus the Great issued the first command to rebuild the sanctuary in Jerusalem as written in Ezra chapters 1-3. This date was c.539 or 537 BC.
Ezra 1:1-4 “Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of the Lord by the mouth of Jeremiah might be fulfilled, the Lord stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, so that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom, and also put it in writing, saying, Thus says Cyrus king of Persia: All kingdoms of the earth the Lord God of heaven has given me. And he has commanded me to build him a house at Jerusalem which is in Judah. Who is among you of all His people? May his God be with him, and let him go up to Jerusalem which is in Judah, and build the house of the Lord God of Israel (He is God), which is in Jerusalem. And whoever is left in any place where he dwells, let the men of this place help him with silver and gold, with goods and livestock, besides the freewill offerings for the house of God which is in Jerusalem.”
This first command given by Cyrus enabled the remnant of Israel to return to Jerusalem to begin building the house of the Lord. This command is seen as being the fulfillment of the seventy years desolation of Jerusalem as foretold by Jeremiah.
Gabriel told Daniel there would be many years of troublesome times before the restoration would be accomplished. This was recorded by Ezra.
Ezra 4:4-7 "Then the people of the land tried to discourage the people of Judah. They troubled them in building, and hired counselors against them to frustrate their purpose all the days of Cyrus king of Persia, even until the reign of Darius king of Persia. In the reign of Ahasuerus, in the beginning of his reign, they wrote an accusation against the inhabitants of Judah and Jerusalem. In the days of Artaxerxes also, Bishlam, Mithredath, Tabel, and the rest of their companions wrote to Artaxerxes king of Persia; ...."
Ezra 4:24 “Thus the work of the house of God which is in Jerusalem ceased, and it was discontinued until the second year of the reign of Darius king of Persia.”
In the second year of King Darius letters had been sent to king Darius condemning the Jews for building the temple. King Darius then sent messengers looking for the first decree of Cyrus which was found in Media.
Ezra 6:13-14 “Then Tat’tenai, governor of the region beyond the River, She’thar-Boz’nai, and their companions diligently did according to what king Darius had sent. So the elders of the Jews built, and they prospered through the prophesying of Haggai the prophet and Zechariah the son of Iddo. And they built and finished it, according to the commandment of the God of Israel, and according to the command of Cyrus, Darius, and Artaxerxes king of Persia.”
This second command by Darius enabled Judah to finish the restoration of the temple, but the city itself still lay in ruins. Artaxerxes issued the third and final command to restore and rebuild Jerusalem in 444 BC, (Nehemiah 1 to 4). The politics leading up to this decision were recorded in the book of Ezra. The officially recognized date for the restoration of Jerusalem is 408 BC. The temple was finally finished in the sixth year of the reign of King Darius of Persia c.516 BC, (Ezra 6:15).1
There has been some criticism of the 457 BC date in recent years, but the Bible is infallible and we must treat the word as being inspired truth. Some say the 457 BC decree wasn't a command to rebuild the city.
Ezra 7:11-26 “Now this is the copy of the decree which King Artaxerxes gave to Ezra the priest, the scribe, learned in the words of the commandments of the Lord and His statutes to Israel: “Artaxerxes, a king of kings, to Ezra the priest, the scribe of the law of the God of heaven, perfect peace. And now I have issued a decree that any of the people of Israel and their priests and the Levites in my kingdom who are willing to go to Jerusalem, may go with you. Forasmuch as you are sent by the king and his seven counselors to inquire concerning Judah and Jerusalem according to the law of your God which is in your hand, and to bring the silver and gold, which the king and his counselors have freely offered to the God of Israel, whose dwelling is in Jerusalem, with all the silver and gold which you find in the whole province of Babylon, along with the freewill offering of the people and of the priests, who offered willingly for the house of their God which is in Jerusalem; with this money, therefore, you shall diligently buy bulls, rams and lambs, with their grain offerings and their drink offerings and offer them on the altar of the house of your God which is in Jerusalem. Whatever seems good to you and to your brothers to do with the rest of the silver and gold, you may do according to the will of your God. Also the utensils which are given to you for the service of the house of your God, deliver in full before the God of Jerusalem. The rest of the needs for the house of your God, for which you may have occasion to provide, aprovide for it from the royal treasury. I, even I, King Artaxerxes, issue a decree to all the treasurers who are in the provinces beyond the River, that whatever Ezra the priest, the scribe of the law of the God of heaven, may require of you, it shall be done diligently, even up to 100 talents of silver, 100 kors of wheat, 100 baths of wine, 100 baths of oil, and salt as needed. Whatever is commanded by the God of heaven, let it be done with zeal for the house of the God of heaven, so that there will not be wrath against the kingdom of the king and his sons. We also inform you that it is not allowed to impose tax, tribute or toll on any of the priests, Levites, singers, doorkeepers, Nethinim or servants of this house of God. You, Ezra, according to the wisdom of your God which is in your hand, appoint magistrates and judges that they may judge all the people who are in the province beyond the River, even all those who know the laws of your God; and you may teach anyone who is ignorant of them. Whoever will not observe the law of your God and the law of the king, let judgment be executed upon him strictly, whether for death or for banishment or for confiscation of goods or for imprisonment.””
A Babylonian talent is equivalent to 30.3 kilograms (67 lb).
100 talents of silver equals 30,300 kilograms.
Today's price of silver equals about $20 per ounce.
100 talents equals $21,376,020 (aust)
Many see fulfilment of the prophecy in this decree written by Artaxerxes. While the decree doesn't specifically say the gold and silver was to be used for rebuilding the city, it does give Ezra the written decree to do what ever he wanted with what was left. The decree also starts the rebuilding process of Jerusalem giving Ezra the means to start rebuilding the temple. Ezra and all the Israelites wanted all Jerusalem to be restored not just the temple and this decree allowed Ezra to begin the work. The decree also allowed Ezra to appoint magistrates and judges in effect giving the Israelites back some of the control they had prior to their captivity.
In the book of Nehemiah we read that Nehemiah was cupbearer to the king and he asked king Artaxerxes if he could go back to Jerusalem to rebuild the city in 444 BC.
Nehemiah 2:1 “And it came to pass in the month of Ni’san, in the twentieth year of king Artaxerxes, ….”
Nehemiah 2:5 “And I said to the king, “If it pleases the king, and if your servant has found favor in your sight, I ask that you send me to Judah, to the city of my father’s tombs, that I may rebuild it.”
Nehemiah 2:7-8 “Furthermore I said to the king, “If it pleases the king, let letters be given to me for the governors of the region beyond the River, that they must permit me to pass through till I come to Judah, and a letter to A’saph the keeper of the king’s forest, that he must give me timber to make beams for the gates of the Citadel which pertains to the temple, for the city wall, and for the house that I will occupy.” And the king granted them to me according to the good hand of my God upon me.”
Thus these letters enabled Nehemiah to return to Jerusalem and allowed Nehemiah and his brethren to restore Jerusalem and its walls to some of its former glory.
Daniel 7:25 ".... That from the going forth of the command to restore and build Jerusalem until Messiah the Prince, there shall be seven weeks and sixty-two weeks; ...."
Seven weeks equals 49 days/years. 
457 BC + 49 years = 408 BC
The official date for the restoration of Jerusalem is 408 BC.
Sixty-two weeks equals 434 days.
408 BC + 434 days/years = 27 AD
According to the Bible Yehoshuah/Jesus was baptized by John the Baptist c.27 AD. This baptism is the fulfillment of the anointing of the Most Holy, not the anointing of the heavenly sanctuary as supposed by Uriah Smith and others.
Daniel 9:26 "And after the sixty-two weeks Messiah shall be cut off, but not for Himself;"
In 31 AD Jesus was cut off, He was crucified by the Romans, but it wasn't for Himself. He sacrificed Himself for those who believe that He was and is the Messiah.
Daniel 9:26 “and the people of the prince who is to come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary. The end of it shall be with a flood, and till the end of the war desolations are determined."
This verse is probably the most important in understanding the previous vision of the 2300 days. The Roman soldiers under the command of Prince Titus broke through the wall and began to destroy the holy city. One soldier apparently threw a torch through one of the temples windows that started the fire which burnt down the whole temple.2 The end of the city was with a flood in the form of a mighty army. Jerusalem has never been restored to its former magnificence and glory after the destruction of 70 AD.
Daniel 9:27 "Then He shall confirm a covenant with many for one week; but in the middle of the week He shall bring an end to sacrifice and offering. And on the wing of abominations shall be one who makes desolate. Even until the consummation, which is determined, is poured out on the desolate."
A week in prophecy equals seven years. Jesus' ministry reportedly lasted for 3 and half years. He was indeed cut off in the middle of that last week as prophesied. Jesus brought an end to sacrifice and offering by delivering a new covenant. Because of the Israelites abominations God sent one Roman, Prince Titus, who “on the wing of abominations” would cause the desolation of Jerusalem. The Roman army was the "the abomination which maketh desolate." These desolations would continue even until the end, which is determined, and is poured out on the desolate Judah. The desolation of God's word and his sanctuary would continue until the end of the 2300 days, (also see Daniel 7:25, The 1260 years, and Daniel 12:1-12, The 1290 days and the 1335 days).
The Jews today live amongst all the nations and Jerusalem itself is cut up into four or so quadrants. The Jews have been denied worship access to the holy mount and in God’s eyes His sanctuary remains desolate to this day confirming that this prophecy is still being fulfilled today, in 2015.
The destruction of the second temple marked the end for sacrificial rights on and around the holy mountain. God’s sanctuary and His word have been trodden underfoot since that day and will be until the end of the 2300 day prophecy. Thus Daniel’s understanding was complete and he didn’t ask for any further explanation of the vision indicating that he had complete understanding of it as I do and now hopefully you do to.
Most people don't realize this, but the Bible wasn't originally divided by the chapters we have assigned to it. The first part of many chapters actually belong to the preceding chapter. This verse should be attached to end of chapter 9 and notice what Daniel tells us.
Daniel 10:1 “In the third year of Cyrus king of Persia a message was revealed to Daniel, whose name was called Belteshazzar. The message was true, but the appointed time was long; and he understood the message, and he had understanding of the vision.”
The verse tells us that Daniel understood the previous message given to him by Gabriel about the coming Messiah and the future destruction of Jerusalem and the sanctuary. Daniel understood the message in Daniel 9 which gave him the understanding of the 2300 vision. Confirming the message refers to years and not days or weeks, but a long time.
Daniel 10:2-3 “In those days I, Daniel, was mourning three full weeks. I ate no pleasant food, no meat or wine came into my mouth, nor did I anoint myself at all, till three whole weeks were fulfilled.”
Daniel mourned for three full weeks because he now knew the future for his people and in particular the future of the holy city of Jerusalem and the temple mount. As a result of his understanding Daniel would soon receive a visit from the Lord Himself.
1. "The Commandment to Restore and to Build Jerusalem", http://www.patmospapers.com/daniel/457.htm
2. First Jewish–Roman War, Wikipedia, 2015.
Solomon's temple, destroyed by the Babylonian army c.586 BC, as described by Ezekiel, Corel Paint Shop Pro, Brent Dawes, 2016