Daniel 12: The First Resurrection

Daniel 12:1 ""At that time Michael shall stand up, the great prince who stands watch over the sons of your people; and there shall be a time of trouble, such as never was since there was a nation, even to that time. And at that time your people shall be delivered, everyone who is found written in the book.""

Daniel was told that the king of the North would come to his end and then Michael would stand up. Augustus came to his end in 14 AD at this time Christ was establishing himself as a man being between 14 and 20 years of age. It is about this time that Jesus was constantly broadening his knowledge and conversing with the Jewish elders who were astounded at his knowledge of the scriptures.

The reigns of Julius Caesar and Augustus Caesar setup the Roman Empire for the next fourteen centuries, succeeding Caesar’s and then the papacy all took the name and titles of Julius and Augustus Caesar. The Holy Roman Empire officially came to its end in 1453 AD when Constantinople was taken by the Turks.1 However the king of the North came to his end in the holy land in 1291 AD when the last Roman province of Acre was taken.2 Michael, the Arch angel, is described as being the great prince who stands watch over the sons of Daniel's people. The sons of Daniel's people are the sons of the remnant of Israel who had returned from the Babylonian exile. In the time of Saladin the remnant of Daniel's people was the tribe of Judah. The time of trouble began with the European crusades into the holy land. Daniel is told that his people, the remnant of Israel, would be delivered during this time of trouble. Saladin died in 1193 AD, but before he died he made a peace treaty with King Richard the Lionheart.3 As a result of this treaty many of the Jews returned to Jerusalem. The Palestinians were also able to return to their home land.

Daniel 12:2-4 ""And many of those who sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, some to shame and everlasting contempt. Those who are wise shall shine like the brightness of the firmament, and those who turn many to righteousness like the stars forever and ever. But you Daniel, shut up the words, and seal the book until the time of the end; many shall run to and fro, and knowledge shall increase.""

This prophecy tells Daniel that ‘many’ of his people would be resurrected during this time of trouble. This tells me that this is the first resurrection of the one hundred and forty-four thousand children of Israel, as described in the Revelation. In this resurrection only ‘many’ would awake as opposed to the end of days when all the dead will hear His voice and come forth from their graves, (John 5:28-29, Revelation 20:1-15). In Daniel’s resurrection we are told that some would not be saved in fact they would be shamed and receive everlasting contempt.

The SDA theology on the other hand tells us that the first resurrection hasn’t happened as yet and that it is only for the good or just, then the millennium starts and is followed by the resurrection of the evil dead at the end of the thousand years. But nowhere in the Bible does it state that there is a thousand years between the resurrection of the good and the dead. What we do have is a thousand years between the first resurrection and the second resurrection, both of which are for the righteous and the wicked at the same time. I could do a whole sermon just on this subject to prove my point, but that is for another time.

Even though the Crusaders and Muslims were killing each other they both have promoted religion and the knowledge of God did increase throughout the known world from the end of the dark ages and onwards. Missionaries ran to and fro across the known world spreading the good news requesting that people repent and worship the one and only true God. It was about 1454 AD when the Gutenberg press was invented that Bibles began to be available to the common people for the first time which enabled many to read the true word of God and thus their knowledge of God did increase.

Habakkuk 2:14 “For the earth shall be filled with the knowledge of the glory of the LORD, as the waters cover the sea.”

Daniel 12:5-7 "Then I, Daniel, looked; and there stood two others, one on this riverbank and the other on that riverbank. And one said to the man clothed in linen, who was above the waters of the river, "How long shall the fulfillment of these wonders be?" Then I heard the man clothed in linen, who was above the waters of the river, when he held up his right hand and his left hand to heaven and swore by him who lives forever, that it shall be for a time, times, and half a time; and when the power of the holy people has been completely shattered, all these things shall be finished."

Once again we have the time period - a time, times and half a time. This period of time is the same 1260 years as mentioned earlier in Daniel 7:25, c.31 - 1291 AD. This time period is also mentioned in Revelation 11:2, ".... the Gentiles. And they will tread the holy city underfoot for forty-two months." So we have a time period stretching from the end of Augustus’ reign and the coming of the Messiah to the end of the dark ages.

Trouble started in Jerusalem when the Muslims took over Judea and neighboring countries, but these people where descendants of Abraham and heirs to the promise. The real trouble started when The Holy Roman Empire began ‘holy’ crusades into the holy land. The first crusade into the holy land was started by Pope Urban II in 1095 AD.4 The last crusade ended with the defeat of the province of Acre in 1291 AD.5

In the middle of the thirteenth century the infamous Genghis Khan ravaged the holy land. Israel was impoverished and the land became desolate again. The holy people would have been completely shattered as Saladin had only just freed them from the grip of the Crusaders allowing them to return to their home land.

Daniel 12:8-10 "Although I heard, I did not understand. Then I said, "My lord, what shall be the end of these things?" And he said, “Go your way, Daniel, for the words are closed up and sealed till the time of the end. Many shall be purified, made white, and refined, but the wicked shall do wickedly; and none of the wicked shall understand, but the wise shall understand.""

Daniel is told that the words are sealed up until the time of the end. I believe the time of the end has just begun and the true meaning of these words is now being revealed. Daniel is then told again that many of his people would be saved. The wicked are those who worship the beast, they have the mark of the beast, which is Sunday worship. None of the ‘Christians’ could fully understand these words written by Daniel, that is until now.

Daniel 12:11 ""And from the time that the daily sacrifice is taken away and the abomination of desolation is setup there shall be one thousand two hundred and ninety days.""

Here I would like to introduce the SDA theology. Most preachers on the subject tend to leave out the first part of this verse, ‘And from the time the that the daily sacrifice is taken away.’ They instead start their theology by stating that the 1260 year time period ended in 1798; then they subtract the 1290 years from 1798 and they get 508 AD.

“They evidently felt justified in making this shift because they had no fixed event for the beginning date of the 1335 years, which had rather been figured back from “1843” to approximately a.d. 508.”
{VII Closing Section of Daniel 11; Periods of chapter 12, SDA Bible Commentary, 2005}

The start date for this prophecy is clearly stated in verse 11 as it was in Daniel chapter 8, “And from the time that the daily sacrifice is taken away ….”

According to SDA theology, Clovis the first king of France took away paganism in 508 BC. However in Daniel 8 the ‘daily’ that was taken away was paganism as well. So why didn’t they start this prophecy at the same date of 457 BC? These two prophecies should be started at the same date because they both describe the same event and that is when Rome took away the daily sacrifice of the Jews by physically destroying the temple in 70 AD.

“Daniel’s book closes with the mention of two prophetic periods – the 1290 days and the 1335 days. Verses 11 and 12. The 1290 days or years might well have begun with the alliance of the church and state under King Clovis of France in 508. From that important event the time period would reach to the time of the end, 1798. The 1335 days, being an addition of 45 days or years, could bring us to 1843, when the great advent awakening reached its height.”
{Unfolding Daniel’s Prophecies, Roy Allan Anderson, page 179}

Roy doesn’t seem convinced either as he uses the terms, ‘might’ and ‘could.’ What has a king of the Franks got to do with the Israelites anyway? Nothing! He’s not even associated directly with the papacy which is surprising when considering previous SDA theology. According to historical accounts Clovis instigated the first council of Orleans which was a gathering of all the Gallic bishops to reform the church and to create a strong link between the church and the state, but this happened in 511 not 508. According to SDA theology Clovis is seen as defeating paganism through his defeat of the Vandals in 508, but by this time paganism had infiltrated the very roots of the papacy and it was there to stay. Clovis didn’t defeat paganism at all, perhaps in his own life he may have. History does tell us that the Roman emperor Anastasius I recognized Clovis as being the king of Gaul in 508 and Clovis may have been baptized at Christmas in 508. Clovis was the first Germanic king to convert to Catholicism and paved the way for Catholicism to flourish throughout Europe, but what has that to do with Daniel and his people the Jews?

Now here’s the main problem with the SDA theology; the ‘daily’ that is taken away here is the same ‘daily’ that was taken away in Daniel 8. The Miller solution then was to start Daniel 8 on the same start date as Daniel 9, 457 BC. Do the SDA theologians start this prophecy on the same date? No! Secondly, we have ‘the abomination of desolation,’ being setup. Logically SDA theology must identify this abomination as the papacy and that it represents the ‘transgression of desolation’ from Daniel 8.

“The daily has already been shown to be, not the daily sacrifice of the Jews, but the daily or continual abomination, that is, paganism.”
(Daniel and the Revelation, chapter 12, Closing Scenes, Uriah Smith, page 341}

The abominations of the Jews caused the desolation of Jerusalem in 70 AD. Abominations in this case refer to the continual sinning of God’s people. All through the Old Testament we have the evidence that the Israelites continually sinned against the holy covenant. Just looking up the word ‘abomination’ we get 72 occurrences and the word ‘abominations’ we get 74 occurrences in the Old Testament KJV. That’s 146 occurrences of the word from which we can get an understanding of what it would have meant to Daniel.

God dislikes sacrifices and the Israelites were offering enormous amounts each and every day. That is why God desired to reprove His people and why he decided to take away the daily sacrifices.

Isaiah 1:11 “To what purpose is the multitude of your sacrifices unto me? saith the LORD: I am full of the burnt offerings of rams, and the fat of fed beasts; and I delight not in the blood of bullocks, or of lambs, or of he goats.”

The majority of the Jews did not receive the Savior or the new covenant so God had to devise a way to take away the daily sacrifice physically from the lives of His people.

The abominations of the Israelites are defined in the Old Testament in the books of Leviticus and Deuteronomy in particular and on most occasions they are defined as something done against the covenant; be it false worship, idolatry, eating unclean animals or anything done against the word of God.

Ezekiel 16:48-50 “As I live, saith the Lord GOD, Sodom thy sister hath not done, she nor her daughters, as thou hast done, thou and thy daughters. Behold, this was the iniquity of thy sister Sodom, pride, fulness of bread, and abundance of idleness was in her and in her daughters, neither did she strengthen the hand of the poor and needy. And they were haughty, and committed abomination before me: therefore I took them away as I saw good.”

Deuteronomy 18:12 “For all that do these things are an abomination unto the LORD: and because of these abominations the LORD thy God doth drive them out from before thee.”

Christ identified the ‘abomination of desolation’ as the Roman army standing outside Jerusalem. The historical event which most closely followed Christ’s resurrection was the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 AD when the Roman army stood outside the walls of Jerusalem and fulfilled this prophecy. To then apply these terms to the papacy is frankly spitting in the face of Christ, but that is exactly what Uriah and other SDA theologians/preachers do.

“The "daily" desolation was paganism, the "abomination of desolation" is the papacy. But it may be asked how this can be the papacy; since Christ spoke of it in connection with the destruction of Jerusalem. And the answer is, Christ evidently referred to the ninth of Daniel, which is a prediction of the destruction of Jerusalem, and not to this verse of chapter 11, which does not refer to that event.”
{Daniel and the Revelation, chapter 11, Uriah Smith, page 283}

I’ve repeated Uriah’s quote in this chapter as it applies specifically to the ‘abomination of desolation’ from this chapter. Uriah says that Christ is mistaken and really meant for the ‘abomination of desolation’ to be found in Daniel chapter 9, but there is no ‘abomination of desolation’ in chapter 9. And if Christ says that this ‘abomination of desolation’ is an army standing outside Jerusalem then we had better believe Him. In chapter 11 it was Antiochus IV and his army standing outside Jerusalem which fulfilled that ‘abomination of desolation’ in verse 31. Christ then applies the same term to a future event which would happen after His resurrection. What event was as similar as that applied to Antiochus? It has to be the Roman army standing outside Jerusalem and the destruction that followed in 70 AD.

A Jewish prophetic year equals 360 days and a Jewish month equals 30 days. So here we have 3 Jewish years and 7 Jewish months. The daily sacrifices were taken away physically by the act of the Romans destroying the temple in 70 AD. The previously mentioned "time, time, and half a time," equals 1260 years of prophecy, therefore, it is more likely that this prophecy is referring to years and not literal days as well. However if the prophetic periods are literal days then the evidence from history should be clearly there to see.

According to the historical accounts of Josephus in 66 AD the governor of Judea Gessius Florus demanded funds from the temple treasury and the daily sacrifices were suspended and then stopped by the Israelites because they refused to make a sacrifice for the Roman Emperor.An army led by Cestius was then led against Jerusalem but for some reason they stopped near the temple and then retreated.Many Romans were then killed in the retreat and the Jewish Zealots took control of Masada and Jerusalem.8 Then in 67 AD Vespasian led another army against Jerusalem but Nero died and he returned home to be crowned emperor.9 Finally Titus Vespasian’s son led a huge army against Jerusalem in 70 AD and sacked the city.10 Some of the rebels had fled to Masada and the last seige ended in 73 AD with the suicide of all the rebels at Masada.11

The daily sacrifice was taken away by the temple priests in May 66 AD. Vespasian leads an army against Jerusalem in February 67 AD; this date marks the official start of the war with Jerusalem. Galilee is taken by October 67 AD. Jerusalem was besieged on the 14th of April and the city finally fell in August, 70 AD. The last rebels committed suicide in Masada on the 15th April 73 AD.


The 1290 Days

Daniel 12:11 ""And from the time that the daily sacrifice is taken away and the abomination of desolation is setup there shall be one thousand two hundred and ninety days.""

May 66 AD + 1290 literal days = December 70 AD

The daily sacrifice was taken away by the priests in May 66 AD. The city finally fell to Rome in August 70 AD not December. This means the prophecy cannot be referring to literal days. The abomination of desolation is the Roman Army standing outside Jerusalem in 70 AD.

The prophecy is referring to 1290 years;

70 AD + 1290 years = 1360 AD

This is the first resurrection of many, c.1360 AD.

Daniel 12:1 ".... And at that time your people shall be delivered, ...."

Daniel was specifically told that this is when his people would be delivered and this is the same event described in Revelation 14:1 and Revelation 20:1. However this time may have been cut short.

Matthew 25:31-34 “”When the Son of Man comes in His glory, and all the holy angels with Him, then He will sit on the throne of His glory.””

This date is not denfinite as the prophecy ties in with the appearance of Saladin who appeared in 11th century. Time seems to have been cut short by a couple of hundred years. But this was also prophesied by Christ Himself when speaking about future events.

Matthew 24:22 "And unless those days were shortened, no flesh would be saved; but for the elect’s sake those days will be shortened."


The 1335 Days

Daniel 12:12-13 ""Blessed is he who waits and comes to the one thousand three hundred and thirty-five days. But you go your way till the end for you shall rest and will arise to your inheritance at the end of the days.""

This verse is the catalyst for Miller’s theology and the second coming of Christ. He started with 1798 because that was the end of the 1260 years of the papacy and then he just added the difference between the 1290 days and the 1335 days which is 45 years. 1798 + 45 = 1843.

These words are referring to a resurrection of some kind, because we are told, "Blessed is he who waits and comes ...." Numerous theologians and Christian historians have concluded the same and have tried to account for the time period mentioned here and have come up with various dates for the resurrection and coming of Christ, but few if any get it right.

The "end of the days," is referring to the end of the 1335 days. Some theologians like Uriah Smith tell us that this is not a resurrection but some great event that occurred in 1843 and he says it was the second coming of Christ, but that didn’t happen did it.

We don't really know the start date for this prophecy, but we do have a couple of hints when we take into consideration historical events.

1. Saladin arrived in Jerusalem and took the city on the 2nd of October 1187.12

1187 + 1335 days = 2522 AD

I believe that this is the second resurrection after the thousand year reign.


Conclusion

I believe that the first resurrection occurred c.1360 AD. The second reurrection will be somewhere between 2187 and 2522 AD. Satan will be released to deceive the nations again somewhere between these two dates and he will only have a short time to deceive the nations.



References
1. Fall of Constantinople, Wikipedia, 2016
2. Siege of Acre, Wikipedia, 216
3. Treaty of Ramla
4. Crusades, Wikipedia, 2016
5. Treaty of Ramla
6. Josephus: The Complete Works, Christian Classics Ethereal Library, http://www.ccel.org/ccel/josephus/complete.ii.xxi.xi.html
7. First Jewish–Roman War, Wikipedia, 2016
8. Ibid
9. Ibid
10. Ibid
11. Ibid
12. Saladin, Capture of Jersualem, Wikipedia, 2016