Daniel 10: The Angel of the Lord

Daniel 10:1 “In the third year of Cyrus king of Persia a message was revealed to Daniel, whose name was called Belteshazzar. The message was true, but the appointed time was long; and he understood the message, and he had understanding of the vision.”

The verse tells us that Daniel understood the previous message given to him by Gabriel about the coming Messiah and the future destruction of Jerusalem and the sanctuary. Daniel understood the message in Daniel 9 which gave him the understanding of the 2300 vision. Confirming the message refers to years and not days or weeks but a long time.

Daniel 10:2-3 “In those days I, Daniel, was mourning three full weeks. I ate no pleasant food, no meat or wine came into my mouth, nor did I anoint myself at all, till three whole weeks were fulfilled.”

Daniel then tells us that he was mourning for Jerusalem and his people for three whole weeks. Because Daniel now understood Gabriel’s last visit and his revealing of the future for Daniel’s people. That future was not bright, but as a result of his understanding Daniel receives a visit from a supreme heavenly figure.

Daniel 10:5-6 "I lifted my eyes and looked, and behold, a certain man clothed in linen, whose waist was girded with gold of Uphaz! His body was like beryl, his face like the appearance of lightning, his eyes like torches of fire, his arms and feet like burnished bronze in color, and the sound of his words like the voice of a multitude."

Here we are given a detailed description of our Lord and Savior. Compare this description with the description of our Lord in Revelation 1:11-17. Uriah Smith does see the connection with this ‘certain man’ and our Lord in Revelation 1:11-17, but because Michael is mentioned by him he assumes that this messenger is Gabriel. Now Daniel was familiar with Gabriel as he had explained two of Daniel’s past visions, but Daniel does not call this certain man ‘Gabriel’ all indications are that Daniel does not know this Person.

“Comparing the words of Daniel 10:5,6 with Ezekiel 1:24-28 and Revelation 1:13-16, we cannot doubt that Daniel, Ezekiel and John were describing the same One. The Lord of all the earth had come in person to His praying servant on the bank of the river. Little wonder the prophet was overcome with fear.”
{Unfolding Daniel’s Prophecies, Daniel Beholds Deity, Roy Allan Anderson, page 126}

Roy Allan Anderson identifies that this ‘certain man’ is the Lord, but he immediately then proceeds to tell the reader that Gabriel then comes forth to talk to Daniel even though the scriptures indicate no change in personages.

“He who beholds Christ in His self-denial, His lowliness of heart, will be constrained to say, as
did Daniel, when he beheld One like the sons of men, "My comeliness was turned in me into corruption." Daniel 10:8.”
{Thoughts from the Mount of Blessings, 2.The Beatitudes, Ellen White}

Ellen White tells us that Daniel was in the presence of the Lord in Daniel chapter 10.

Daniel 10:10-12 “Suddenly, a hand touched me, which made me tremble on my knees and on the palms of my hands. And he said to me, “O Daniel, man greatly beloved, understand the words that I speak to you, and stand upright, for I have now been sent to you.” While he was speaking this word to me, I stood trembling. Then he said to me, “Do not fear Daniel, for from the first day that you set your heart to understand, and to humble yourself before your God, your words were heard; and I have come because of your words.””

“For what purpose did this aged servant of God thus humble himself and afflict his soul? - Evidently for the purpose of understanding more fully the divine purpose concerning events that were to befall the church of God in coming time; for the divine messenger sent to instruct him says, "From the first day that thou didst set thine heart to understand," etc. Verse 12. There was, then, still something which Daniel did not understand, but in reference to which he earnestly desired light. What was it? - It was undoubtedly some part of his last preceding vision; namely, the vision of chapter 9, and through that of the vision of chapter 8,of which chapter 9 was but a further explanation.”
{Daniel and the Revelation, chapter 10, Daniel’s Last Vision, Uriah Smith, page 240}

Uriah must have missed the first verse were Daniel specifically says, “The message was true, but the appointed time was long; and he understood the message, and he had understanding of the vision.” Daniel humbled himself and afflicted his soul because he had understood the previous visions of chapter 8 and chapter 9. Daniel knew that Jerusalem would be rebuilt and then another civilization would emerge after Greece who would destroy the city and the temple a second time. Daniel wasn’t thinking about the church of God in the far future he was concerned with his people the Israelites and that is why God the Father sent His Angel to tell Daniel would happen to his people in their latter days. The Lord said to Daniel, “Do not fear Daniel, for from the first day that you set your heart to understand, and to humble yourself before your God, your words were heard; and I have come because of your words.”” Daniel had set his heart to understand and he humbled himself before God, therefore his words were heard and the Angel of the Lord was sent to tell Daniel the future for his people. The Lord said, “Do not fear Daniel,” because he was in the presence of the Image of God Himself, our Lord and Savior.

Daniel 10:13 “But the prince of Persia withstood me twenty-one days; and behold, Michael, one of the chief princes, came to help me, for I had been left alone there with the kings of Persia.”

The Lord had been kept busy by Cyrus king of Persia for twenty one days preparing him in allowing the Israelites to return to Jerusalem. The Lord says, Michael, one of the chief princes, came to help Him because he had been left alone there with Cyrus.

Daniel 10:14 ""Now I have come to make you understand what will happen to your people in the latter days, for the vision refers to many days yet to come.""

There is no break in the verses or any indications than this person is anyone else but our Lord, the Angel of the Lord. He tells Daniel what will happen to his people in the latter days. Note that this is not the last days for ALL humanity but the latter days for Daniel's people the Israelites. Most SDA theologians/preachers here insert that the Gentiles are part of ‘spiritual Israel’ and are therefore included, but the prophecy specifically tells us that this will be the future for Daniel’s people the Jews. The Old Testament covers the old covenant with the Israelites; the New Testament covers the new covenant with the Gentiles. The Revelation gives us the future for all mankind.

Daniel 10:16-17 “And suddenly, one having the likeness of the sons of men touched my lips; then I opened my mouth and spoke, saying to him who stood before me, “My Lord, because of the vision my sorrows have overwhelmed me, and I have retained no strength. For how can this servant of my Lord talk with you, my lord? As for me, no strength remains in me now, nor is any breath left in me. Then again, the one having the likeness of man touched me and strengthened me. And he said, “O man greatly beloved, fear not! Peace be to you; be strong, yes, be strong!” So when he spoke to me I was strengthened, and said, “Let my lord speak, for you have strengthened me.”

Daniel tells us that his sorrows had overwhelmed him and he had no strength. Notice how many times Daniel called this ‘man’ lord.

Daniel 10:20-21 “Then he said, “Do you know why I have come to you? And now I must return to fight with the prince of Persia; and when I have gone forth, indeed the prince of Greece will come. But I will tell you what is noted in the Scripture of Truth. (No one upholds me against these, except Michael your prince.)”

The Lord asked Daniel if he knew why He had come to him and Daniel nodded in the affirmative. The Lord then tells Daniel that he must return to fight with the prince of Persia. Cyrus was appointed by God to rebuild his sanctuary and these words indicate that Cyrus had divine help in this mission to allow the remnant of Judah to return to Jerusalem to rebuild the temple.

Notice that this man Daniel is talking to tells Daniel that no one upholds him against the Scriptures of Truth except Michael Daniel’s prince. He then goes on to say that He even stood up to confirm and strengthen Michael. These words tell us plainly that this ‘certain man’ is greater than Michael. Who could be greater than Michael the archangel?