Babylon and the Ten kings: Revelation 17:1-18:24

Revelation 17:1-6 “Then one of the seven angels who had the seven bowls came and talked with me, saying to me, “Come, I will show you the judgment of the great harlot who sits on many waters, with whom the kings of the earth committed fornication, and the inhabitants of the earth were made drunk with the wine of her fornication.” So he carried me away in the Spirit into the wilderness. And I saw a woman sitting on a scarlet beast which was full of names of blasphemy, having seven heads and ten horns. The woman was arrayed in purple and scarlet, and adorned with gold and precious stones and pearls, having in her hand a golden cup full of abominations and the filthiness of her fornication. And on her forehead a name was written: MYSTERY, BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS AND OF THE ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH. I saw the woman, drunk with the blood of the saints and with the blood of the martyrs of Jesus. And when I saw her, I marveled with great amazement.”
Babylon the Great, the mother of all harlots, the city of Rome, Brent Dawes, 2015.
This verse gives us the identity of the woman who rides on the beast. The woman is the mother of harlots which most protestant theologians identify as the Roman Catholic Church. But this is the wrong identification because the woman is identified later in verse 18 as the city of Rome (below). All through the Old Testament cities often represent women and most of the time they are referred to as harlots when they stray from the word of God. The woman is not the beast either she sits on top of the scarlet beast which represents the kingdom of the beast and the world empire. The city of Rome is full of blasphemy it has attempted to replace the city of Jerusalem as being the holy city. The Pope sits on his throne in his temple city acting as if he is God.
Revelation 17:7-8 “But the angel said to me, “Why did you marvel? I will tell you the mystery of the woman and of the beast that carries her, which has the seven heads and the ten horns. The beast that you saw was, and is not, and will ascend out of the bottomless pit and go to perdition. And those who dwell on the earth will marvel, whose names are not written in the Book of Life from the foundation of the world, when they see the beast that was, and is not, and yet is.”
The beast is the world Empire and they are backed by the ten kings of the earth (the kingdom of the beast). All the people on earth will marvel when she rises again. The true Christians who keep all the commandments will be expecting this to happen.
The Seven Mountains are Seven Kingdoms
Revelation 17:9-11 “Here is the mind which has wisdom: The seven heads are seven mountains on which the woman sits. There are also seven kings. Five have fallen, one is, and the other has not yet come. And when he comes, he must continue a short time. The beast that was, and is not, is himself also the eighth, and is of the seven, and is going to perdition.”
Rome sits on the back of these seven kingdoms or empires controlling the known world.  Five had fallen in the time of John, one was ruling when John wrote the Revelation and two were to follow Rome.
The first five world empires which have fallen and were recorded in the Bible were; 
The Egyptian Empire, the Assyrian Empire, the Babylonian Empire, the Mede/Persian Empire and the Macedonian Empire.
The 'one who is' was the Empire which was ruling over Israel when John wrote the Revelation, the Roman Empire.
After the Roman Byzantine Empire had come to its end in 1453, Jerusalem was controlled by the Mohammedans, then the Ottomans and then Palestinians. They were all heirs to God’s promise to Abraham and cannot be counted as any of the remaining two kings plus the fact that they weren't world dominating empires.
But there is an empire which has fulfilled the requirements of the second beast and the seventh beast. For more information see  the second beast or the beast with two horns like a lamb pages.


The Ten kings
​​Revelation 17:12-18 “The ten horns which you saw are ten kings who have received no kingdom as yet, but they receive authority for one hour as kings with the beast. These are of one mind, and they will give their power and authority to the beast. These will make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb will overcome them, for He is Lord of lords and King of kings, and those who are with Him are called, chosen, and faithful." Then he said to me, "The waters which you saw, where the harlots sits, are peoples, multitudes, nations, and tongues. And the ten horns which you saw on the beast, these will hate the harlot, make her desolate and naked, eat her flesh and burn her with fire. For God has put it into their hearts to fulfill His purpose, to be of one mind, and to give their kingdom to the beast, until the words of God are fulfilled. And the woman whom you saw is that great city which reigns over the kings of the earth.”


In the book of Daniel the fourth beast has ten horns which many identify as ten countries after the breakup of the Roman Empire. But as proven in my theology on Daniel these ten horns represent ten kings and their kingdoms before the start of the Roman Empire. The Revelation seems to continue this trend and it also has ten kings. These represent ten kingdoms which during the Roman era were: Italy, Achaia, Asia, Syria/Judea, Egypt, Africa, Spain, Gaul, Britain, and Germany. The ten kings in Revelation are ten kingdoms who receive their authority from God. They are modern counterparts to the old Roman era kings: Italy, Greece, Asia, Syria/Judea, Egypt, Africa, Spain, France, Britain, and Germany. They will receive this authority for one prophetic hour which converts to about fifteen days on earth. They will give this authority to the beast, the European empire. They will make war against our Lord and His saints in the current city of Jerusalem. This is the battle of Armageddon at the second coming and our Lord will prevail against the forces of evil. The waters are the peoples of all the nations of which the city of Rome has infiltrated those being most countries on the earth. The ten kingdoms or countries will end up hating Rome and the church when they realize that they have been deceived and they will destroy Rome and the church. In the last verse we a left as to no doubt as to the identity of the woman and the great city. It is the great city who ruled over the kings of the earth in the time of John, Rome.
The fall of Babylon the Great
Revelation 18:1-3 “After these things I saw another angel coming down from heaven, having great authority, and the earth was illuminated with his glory. And he cried mightily with a loud voice, saying, “Babylon the great is fallen, is fallen, and has become a dwelling place of demons, a prison for every foul spirit, and a cage for every unclean and hated bird! For all the nations have drunk of the wine of the wrath of her fornication, the kings of the earth have committed fornication with her, and the merchants of the earth have become rich through the abundance of her luxury.”
The cit of Rome for over two thousands years has inspired many leaders to attempt to rule the world. The city of Rome is seen as the ultimate city and people still flock to her in great numbers to catch a glimpse of her former splendor. The city of Rome has been sacked on numerous occasions. In 410 AD by the Visigoths under Alaric, 455 AD by the Vandals under Geiseric, 546 AD by the Ostrogoths under Totila, 1084 AD by the Normans under Robert Guiscard, 1527 AD by the mutinous troops of Holy Roman Emperor Charles V.1 Rome is overdue to be sacked again, the final and last sacking of Babylon the Great.
Revelation 18:4-8 “And I heard another voice from heaven saying, “Come out of her, my people, lest you share in her sins, and lest you receive of her plagues. For her sins have reached to heaven, and God has remembered her iniquities. Render to her just as she rendered to you, and repay her double according to her works; in the cup which she has mixed, mix double for her. In the measure that she glorified herself and lived luxuriously, in the same measure give her torment and sorrow; for she says in her heart, ‘I sit as queen, and am no widow, and will not see sorrow.’ Therefore her plagues will come in one day—death and mourning and famine. And she will be utterly burned with fire, for strong is the Lord God who judges her.”
Rome was partly destroyed by Nero when he supposedly set fire to the city to make room for new private and public works and many see fulfilment in that act.2 Although Rome did burn on that occasion it didn't destroy the city which this prophecy ultimately predicts. The term "I sit as queen" is possibly refering to the city as being seen today as "the holy city" when in fact there is only one holy city, Jerusalem. They believe she will not see sorrow because they believe God will protect the city of Rome. It is condemned and Rome will be utterly destroyed by fire.
Revelation 18:9-20 “The kings of the earth who committed fornication and lived luxuriously with her will weep and lament for her, when they see the smoke of her burning, standing at a distance for fear of her torment, saying, ‘Alas, alas, that great city Babylon, that mighty city! For in one hour your judgment has come.’ And the merchants of the earth will weep and mourn over her, for no one buys their merchandis anymore: merchandise of gold and silver, precious stones and pearls, fine linen and purple, silk and scarlet, every kind of citro wood every kind of object of ivory, every kind of object of most precious wood, bronze, iron, and marble; and cinnamon and incense, fragrant oil and frankincense, wine and oil, fine flour and wheat, cattle and sheep, horses and chariots, and bodies and souls of men. The fruit that your soul longed for has gone from you, and all the things which are rich and splendid have gone from you, and you shall find them no more at all. The merchants of these things, who became rich by her, will stand at a distance for fear of her torment, weeping and wailing, and saying, ‘Alas, alas, that great city that was clothed in fine linen, purple, and scarlet, and adorned with gold and precious stones and pearls! For in one hour such great riches came to nothing.’ Every shipmaster, all who travel by ship, sailors, and as many as trade on the sea, stood at a distance and cried out when they saw the smoke of her burning, saying, ‘What is like this great city?’ They threw dust on their heads and cried out, weeping and wailing, and saying, ‘Alas, alas, that great city, in which all who had ships on the sea became rich by her wealth! For in one hour she is made desolate.’ Rejoice over her, O heaven, and you holy apostles and prophets, for God has avenged you on her!”
The prophecy predicts a fall in general commerce as a result of the city of Rome's fall. While Rome doesn't have much say in the world's economy today this may change in the future. America seems to be one that all other cities look to today and if America sneezes the whole world is affected. The prophecy could be predicting a European Union which once again relies on the city of Rome for support, guidance and power. Ultimately all of these will perish when Babylon the Great falls again for the last time.
Revelation 18:21-24 “Then a mighty angel took up a stone like a great millstone and threw it into the sea, saying, “Thus with violence the great city Babylon shall be thrown down, and shall not be found anymore. The sound of harpists, musicians, flutists, and trumpeters shall not be heard in you anymore. No craftsman of any craft shall be found in you anymore, and the sound of a millstone shall not be heard in you anymore. The light of a lamp shall not shine in you anymore, and the voice of bridegroom and bride shall not be heard in you anymore. For your merchants were the great men of the earth, for by your sorcery all the nations were deceived. And in her was found the blood of prophets and saints, and of all who were slain on the earth.””
The prophecy predicts a violent outcome for the city of Rome, but it will be a quick and sudden end. No music represents the removal of joy and celebration because of the cities demise. No more craftmen possibly means that idolatry will cease and the millstone not being heard represents the lively hood of all citizens being taken away. Their will be no more daily bread being moulded by them and their will be a lack of the light of the Word in her. All ceremonial customs will cease and people will realize that Rome isn't the 'holy city' waiting as a bride for her bridegroom. Her merchants were the clergy who eagerly spread their wares across the known world and in the process deceiving all the nations. Rome is credited with the blood of the prophets and the saints and all people who were slain on the earth. Thus the city is to be destroyed as was Sodom and Gomorrah.
1. Sack of Rome, Wikipedia, 2015.
2. Great Fire of Rome, Wikipedia, 2015.
The seven consecutive empires had seven prominent kings leading them, Corel Paint Shop Pro, by Brent Dawes, 2015-16.
Seven consecutive empires; Egypt, Assyria, Babylon, Mede/Persia, Macedonia, Rome and Britain (the second beast, Corel Paint Shop Pro image by Brent Dawes, 2015-16.